Posted by: admin in Law
on May 16th, 2013
If you’ve got residential property and you’re renting it out, you’re automatically a landlord even if you just have one room for rent. Being a landlord, you have responsibilities for the people living under your roof. You are in charge, and legally responsible, for the following.
1. Providing a Fair Price
By law, a fair price between a landlord and tenant is the monthly rent amount agreed upon by both parties and notarized by a legal representative. This fair price should be negotiated and must be final between the two parties. The price must also be within the legal amount provided by the government.
2. Fixing the Area
Before you invite tenants to rent your property, it is important that you do the necessary repairs. If you’ve enough budget, hiring helping hands from contractors or home builders could do the job faster, but for the most part, you’ll be doing the fixing by yourself.
3. 24 Hours Service
As a landlord, you also double as the head-clerk of a hotel suite. You’ll need to be there when your tenant asks for help. However, you could limit the time of tenant management if you put it in the contract between you and the tenant that includes the renting price for the house.
As a landlord, you’re paying property taxes. You must notify the HMRC about your property taxes to avoid penalties and overdues.
Posted by: admin in Law
on March 25th, 2013
UK’s gun laws and its history of mass hysterical shootings that targeted children had them pass some very tough gun control laws in 1997. Today, its effects on criminal organizations and local citizens have been staggering in both a positive and negative way. Here are a few of their effects.
1. Criminals Turn to the Black Market
Criminals could either turn to the exorbitant prices of the black market’s weapon section or they improvise certain devices to make guns or projectile-launching weapons. Some criminals have made use of flintlock pistos and retrofitted flare guns. The UK government expects that anybody who possesses a gun is effectively a criminal at once.
2. Fewer Illegal Guns
Over 1,000 illegal guns have crimes attached to them. This is also an overall effect of the gun control laws in the United Kingdom.
3. Gun Deaths
Any citizen in the UK has about 3% chances of being killed by a pistol. In 2012. Only 59 gun deaths were reported in the UK last year.
4. Sports Guns
Sports guns are allowed, but they are with tight restrictions. Rifles and shotguns largely suitable for farms and sport must always be kept behind locked boxes and police have the right to inspect the guns at any time.
Posted by: admin in Law
on March 13th, 2013
Whiplash is an injury car accident victims suffer at the back of the head and neck due to sudden inertia caused by the collision. The severity of the whiplash injuries, from bruising the neck ligaments to completely tearing them, depends on the speed of the collision. If you want to make a whiplash injury claim, here’s an updated list of things that you will need.
1. Police Report
A victim must report the road accident to local authorities, such as police, traffic enforcers and other authority in the area. Road officials will investigate your car accident and take note of essential details such as your offender’s name, car model, the speed both vehicles ran before the collision and the location of your accident. Any information from the investigation will be available to you if you file a police report.
2. Two Medical Opinions
The Ministry of Justice continues to clamp down on fraudulent whiplash injury claims by imposing new guidelines in making claims. Today, a victim is required to submit two medical opinions for their whiplash injuries. The two medical opinions should both have the same results. The MOJ will soon put up its independent medical board they tasked to scrutinize questionable claims.
3. In Car Monitoring
The possibility of your injuries depends on the speed your vehicle is traveling. The UK may impose Germany’s threshold of a car speed of 10km/h for whiplash injuries. Your in-car monitor can determine the speed your vehicle was driving before the accident. Most in-car monitoring evidence may come from the offender; if their speed is more than 10km/h, your whiplash injury claim may be viable.
4. Legal Help
Even if the UK government plans to cut down fraudulent whiplash injury claims by encouraging victims to make an independent claim, legal advice is still essential if you want to know about the other damages you are suffering and if you can claim compensation for such. Consider consulting and working with a professional whiplash claims expert for help.
Posted by: admin in Law
on March 13th, 2013
Judge William Sylvester ruled that James Holmes is to be subject to a “narcoanalytic interview” with the use of a “truth serum” if he decides to plead not guilty by reason of insanity. Legal experts question the ethics and possible legal implications of the Judge’s ruling regarding the use of an undisclosed drug to make the suspect talk.
James Holmes went on a killing spree in a Colorado theatre premiering the last instalment of the “Batman” trilogy, which killed many and is considered a significant catalyst of the US gun ban initiative. Legal professionals question the effectiveness of the narcoanalytic interview, stating that the method will not reveal his state of mind at the time of his shooting.
Legal experts see Judge Sylvester’s decision as coming from an analysis that James Holmes was found by police to have submitted himself willingly after his shooting spree and was calm the entire time. During his prosecution, medical professionals considered him medically “calm” throughout the hearings that proceed until this date.
However, the experts say that it would be a bad idea because under the US Fifth Amendment, all citizens have the right to remain silent. The narcoanalytic interrogation would breach the amendment by having the suspect “talk” under an artificial influence.
Medical professionals also say that the method was not a “royal road to the truth” because the influence of most “truth serums” allow patients to be susceptible to “outside suggestion”, meaning they can own up to anything that questioners ask.
Posted by: admin in finance
on February 18th, 2013
You might have the impression that PPI claims experts are only there to help you fill out your PPI claim forms and ensure that your PPI claim processes through the proper channels, but PPI claims experts do more than just fill up your forms. With your help, they can guarantee that you get all your compensation. Here are a few things that you could do to ensure that your claims expert works on your claim effectively.
Regular updates on the phone and e-mail may be adequate, but personally meeting your claims expert to know more about your PPI claim is also important. Ensure that you hire a PPI claims company that is near your area. The location matters because if you want to get regular personal updates, you do not want to drive out of your city or drive for more than 30 minutes just for a few hours of conversation.
2. All Information
Guarantee that you give all the necessary details and information about your claim to your claims expert. Some of these information may be confidential, so ensure that the Ministry of Justice is monitoring the activities of the claims company you are working with to ensure your personal safety. Provide all the evidences that verifies your PPI mis selling and the total compensation amounts you as well.
3. Be Patient
Most customers become impatient especially when the claims expert does not deliver the results on time. Reputable claims management companies, such as ppitemplateletter.co take their time to make a claim because they consider all the claim’s details. So be patient, just wait for the regular updates and see the progress of your claims expert.
Medical negligence cases devastate families and affect entire lives because of a minor error committed by a medical professional. The injuries and damages victims suffer cannot be reversed, but can be compensated in the form of monetary assistance and specialized medical services. Making an effective medical negligence claim is imperative to get complete compensation. Here’s a checklist to help you get started on making your claim.
1. Medical Check Up
To prove that a medical professional is responsible for your injuries, it is important that you get a medical check-up from at least two medical professionals in the same field as the defendant. The medical check-up will help you know how the defendant made a mistake, the extent of damages they caused and the personal medical opinion of the medical professionals conducting the check-up. These would be very helpful in proving the extent of your injuries or damages for compensation.
2. Having an Estimate
Legal representatives can help you find an estimate based on the injuries you suffered. While a doctor can give you a rough sum for injuries, legal representatives can determine the actual damages compensation, including other damages, such as emotional damages, loss of consortium and other consequences brought about by the medical negligence.
3. Health Boards
Informing the health board responsible for the hospital’s management and medical service quality is important before making a claim. You could also go directly to the Small Claims Court if you determine your damages to be minimal or ignorable, but it would be wise to ask a legal representative’s advice.
4. No Win No Fee Claims
No win no fee claims allow patients to make a claim with legal help having only to pay if the claim is successful, or satisfactory. For severe cases of negligence, win/lose no fee claims are also available to ensure that the patient receives all the compensation he or she deserves. Legal representatives and claims experts get their fees from the medical board itself. See MedicalNegligenceClaimsCo.org to know more.
In Kansas, a sperm donor is forced to pay child support to a lesbian couple who had successfully made an in-vitro fertilization independent of medical aid from a doctor. The man who donated the sperm is liable to pay for child support because the nature of the situation is that of a “do-it yourself” in-vitro fertilization, therefore, making the case an act of “artificial intercourse”.
William Marotta answered an online ad for a sperm donor for a lesbian couple, Angela Bauer and her then-partner Jennifer Schreiner, but because the couple independently performed in-vitro fertilization that is technically illegal without the supervision and validation of a doctor, William Marotta is technically the father of the child while Angela is the mother. Neither women were asking for money; it is the state of Kansas and its laws calling on Marotta to deliver.
Due to the availability of artificial insemination and do it yourself in vinro fertilization kits online for couples at a low price in the market, these are fairly common problems, according to an American Bar Association lawyer.
The subject had exposed a legal flaw in medical practices as when in-vitro fertilization is performed by a medical professional, automatically, ownership of the child is forfeited by Marotta and the right and responsibility for the child is endowed to Angela Bauer and Jennifer Schreiner. However, current laws have not made any indication as to how it would be for a sperm donor’s position when the couple makes a successful, independent fertilization attempt.
Marotta is asked to pay about $6,000 in public assistance and is asked to pay child support to the couple.
Modern technology calls for more simple yet sophisticated crimes fueled by none other than the daily distractions afforded with a few clicks. United Kingdom police figures indicate that around 4,908 crime cases involved Facebook and Twitter as factors or instigators, compared to the 556 cases related to both social media websites in 2008.
Andy Trotter, Chief Constable of the Association of Chief Police Officers state says that in the wake of the Leveson Inquiry, no law can impede against the freedom of speech. While all officers and lawmen accept the fact that people need to communicate even in an obscene, disturbing and disagreeable way, the new challenge would be to apprehend seemingly-threatening activity and direct threats from one user to another.
The ACPO were debating about having a dedicated “Twitter Squad” that would look after the entire world of Twitter based on localization, but Chief Trotter said that it would be a waste of time and resources to do such. Trotter states that the police should focus on offences in social media wherein the harassment or genuine threats cause real harm. The “real” part is what authorities should be concerned about.
The real part of social media threats and violence would be provoking another into a fight, listing addresses and attempting to hack into user’s accounts for personal information used for malicious acts, such as identity theft or stalking. Sexual offences, racism and stalking are also watched carefully by authorities as these may involve violence at any time.
Road rage is very common among busy country roads, especially in the United Kingdom. Some people may find daily stresses and driver problems as a part of life, but some may have short tempers and may induce violence or offensive gestures against other drivers. People can be intimidated by weather, roadworks, noisy passengers other than car drivers. Still, it is not considered a criminal offence, but rather only an ignorable one.
Anybody making offensive gestures towards other drivers they are angry at are most likely get away from court action, but if the angry driver continues to harass the victim to the point of reckless imprudence, property damages and attempted assault, they can be given an assault and battery charge. However, there are cases that offensive language and gestures can get a driver into court. Under the Public Order Act 1986, section 4 and 5, threatening behavior or verbal insults are considered offences in UK roads. The victim is considered suffering from fear, possibly provoked to violence and the offender is likely inflicting intentional harassment or distress.
UK courts make it clear that anybody committing a common assault or battery offence will have a custodial sentence as well as a temporary driving license solution. Depending on the case details would be the verdict for the custodial sentence. Basic custodial sentence can carry six months and can increase depending on the severity of the crime, including physical, emotional and property damages.
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Car driver Kenan Ayogdu, convicted of manslaughter by the family of 25 year old cyclist Sam Harding, who died when Ayogdu opened his car door, was given a “not guilty” decision by the Old Bailey jury on Friday. Harding died in August last year. The outcome of the “dooring” case, as cyclist organizations called cycling deaths involving car doors opened at wrong times exposes many holes in the cycling and driving laws in the country today.
Sam Harding was driving in the road during its busiest time while Kenan Ayogdu’s vehicle was parked ahead of him. As soon as Ayogdu opened his door, Harding was flung from his bicycle and into the path of the bus behind him, crushing his body.
Considered Criminal Action?
Ayogdu was not charged for typical offences because he was not in a moving vehicle, having “causing death by dangerous driving” and any other “on-the-road” offences played down. He was charged manslaughter simply because he was the catalyst to the death of the young cyclist.
However, Sam Harding was in a proper legal position as well; he was driving down the road’s bicycle lane when everything happened. But due to the actions of Ayogdu, he had the accident.
The only considered criminal action was manslaughter after the investigation of authorities and after the CCTV and other road cameras captured the entire situation as it happened.
During the early days of the hearing, it was mentioned that Ayogdu could be charged “property negligence” or “obstructing public property resulting to manslaughter”. This was the answer to the question that if Ayogdu had also not intended offence, acted lawfully, yet because of his negligence in opening his property’s (car) door results to the death of Harding, then he can be convicted.
The verdict shows that this particular argument was played down, having some analysts looking into the case to consider that there may be legal gaps in cycling and road laws.
Harding’s father, Keith, said that the man was not driving his car and it was parked and he was certain that because of the outcome of his son’s post-mortem case, there is a gap in the UK road laws.